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Cannabinoids and Medicinal Cannabis

Cannabinoids are molecules synthesised by cannabis plants and stored in trichomes along with terpenes. The cannabinoids are responsible for the different effects felt after consuming cannabis or any of its derivatives. In this category, we will delve into the characteristics of cannabinoids and terpenes, and the potential medicinal use of each of them.

What is Insomnia?

Insomnia is medically defined as being dissatisfied with one’s quality of sleep, having difficulty falling asleep, also problems maintaining sleep throughout the night, often waking up very early in the morning and then being unable to return to sleep.

Sleep is crucial in maintaining and repairing the body and mind. We require good quality sleep for all mental and physical functions, and insomnia quickly reduces one’s ability to operate efficiently. This can be both distressing and depressing.

It is unfortunately extremely widespread. In the US alone, insomnia is estimated to effect more than 46.2 million people.

The medical profession is currently woefully ill-equipped to deal with the problem. The drugs available are both ineffective and addictive, with few alternatives to choose from.

Image: UNM Newsroom

Image: UNM Newsroom

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Currently, there are very few doctors and hospitals directly offering cannabis treatments worldwide – despite increasing understanding, knowledge and awareness of the remarkable healing properties of this plant. Fortunately, studies on this miraculous plant are becoming more widely undertaken.

Here, we take a look at just two of the illnesses that cannabis is already being proven to be very effective at treating.

This material is collated from those countries that are rapidly reassessing the efficacy of this medicine in the treatment of a wide variety of illnesses – and acting upon the undeniable evidence supporting the use of cannabis plant.

El cannabis se presenta como eficiente tratamiento para algunas enfermedades

El cannabis se presenta como eficiente tratamiento para algunas enfermedades

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Beta-Caryophyllene, also known as BCP, is a naturally occurring aromatic terpene found in many essential oils and plant extracts, and is known to occur in plants such as cloves, hops and rosemary, not just cannabis.

Beta-Caryophyllene is also responsible for the taste of black pepper and many of its medicinal benefits, though the possible medical applications of Caryophyllene and other such terpenes are only recently being investigated there is already significant evidence that they can bring long-term health benefits.

Beta-caryophyllene molecule

Beta-caryophyllene molecule

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There is much talk of CBD and THC in the world of cannabis, however, there exists a myriad of other important constituents within the cannabis plant, known as cannabinoids and terpenes of which CBD and THC are just two.

Some of these other cannabinoids and terpenes like CBN, CBG and THCA, have extraordinary effects and are as yet little known or discussed in mainstream media.

If you look closely at cannabis you realise the plant is a veritable medicine cabinet which knows no bounds.
Cannabis is much more than THC and CBD.  Credit:Daniel Hertzberg / Spectrum

Cannabis is much more than THC and CBD.  Credit:Daniel Hertzberg / Spectrum

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Cannabis and alcohol have been in popular recreational use for millenia. The various attempts to control alcohol (through prohibition) have failed dismally with cannabis suffering a similar legal fate which remains largely in place to this day. Despite cannabis being historically viewed as the more “dangerous” of the two, and alcohol the state- sanctioned and widely available social lubricant of choice. As we know- sadly- legal does not mean healthy.

The legalisation of alcohol gives a deceptive illusion of safety.

A graph of harms to self by drugs created by the British Medical Journal

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The historical use of cannabis as an aid to sporting achievement is both long and well documented

Cannabis has been utilised all over the world for centuries, and particularly in Africa where it has become the cultural backbone of many societies throughout history, such as the Khoikhoi and Bantu peoples of eastern Africa who have used cannabis for centuries as medicine and as a performance enhancer when needed. The association between cannabis and sports performance is long indeed.

Over the centuries cannabis weaved itself into the very fabric of these cultures, being relied on not only for its medicinal uses and folk traditions, but for a performance boost when hunting, gathering and quite likely when going to war.

Photo: PeopleGroups.org

Photo: PeopleGroups.org

The Bantu peoples were some of the most successful on the African continent, with Bantu languages being spoken across Africa, it is clear that their traditional use of cannabis as a performance enhancer, medicine and important spiritual herb has had a profound effect on their spread and culture. This is, however, no mere coincidence as modern science is starting to show, despite cannabis and its users gaining a reputation for lethargy and low activity this couldn’t be further from the case.

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What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia can be a completely devastating disease, often affecting women, with symptoms that include chronic pain, insomnia, fatigue, migraines, painful joints as well as irritable bowel issues.

Symptoms have been known to start folllowing physical trauma, hospital surgeries or major psychological stress. It is also possible for symptoms to slowly accumulate over time with no obvious trigger. Let’s see how cannabis can help these patients.

Points of acute pain

Fibromyalgia trigger points

With no known cure and potentially excruciating and debilitating symptoms, it is little surprise that patients have increasingly been turning to cannabis. Fibromyalgia is one of several conditions that qualify US patients for a medical marijuana card.

Fibromyalgia has been misunderstood for many years, yet affects an estimated 6% of the world’s population. It is only recently that this painful condition has been linked to a deficiency in the endocannabinoid system. (Receptors for cannabinoids in the human body were identified in the 1990s by Allyn Howlett and William Devane.)

In Spain an even higher percentage of the population are afflicted by this disease – some figures suggesting that as much as 13% of the population may be affected

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Cannabis has been traditionally associated with its main psychoactive cannabinoid, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Despite this fact, another cannabinoid has gained the attention of both the cannabis scene and the medical community during the past years, CBD or Cannabidiol. The wide range of possible therapeutic applications of this cannabinoid, and the fact that CBD is not psychoactive, have triggered an increasing interest on this specific molecule, especially when patients are reporting a considerable improvement of their quality of live which they couldn’t find with other medicines.

Thus, a large number of CBD-rich cannabis strains have been developed lately, as well as ointments, capsules, oils, etc. rich in this cannabinoid, which are completely legal since they do not contain THC (these cosmetics are made from 100% organic and legal hemp crops).

Philosopher Seeds is aware of this situation and is constantly working on developing feminised cannabis strains with CBD like Spicy CBD, Fruity Jack or Sweet Love, along with new projects that you’ll soon discover like Cheesy Auto CBD or Lemon Auto CBD.

Fruity Jack, buds with high CBD content

Fruity Jack, buds with high CBD content

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